Suspected Chinese spy balloon moving over U.S.: What we know so far
Update: U.S. fighter jets shot down the balloon off the South Carolina coast Saturday afternoon. Read the latest here.
China acknowledged Friday that a high-altitude balloon spotted this week over the U.S. does in fact belong to Beijing, but it referred to the airship as a civilian device “used for scientific research such as meteorology.” A senior defense official told CBS News on Thursday that the Defense Department was “confident” that it was, in fact, a Chinese surveillance balloon.
The payload of the balloon — that is, the part under the balloon conducting the surveillance — is the size of two to three school buses, and the balloon itself is much larger, according to a U.S. official.
On Saturday morning, when President Biden was asked about the balloon, he told reporters “we’re gonna take care of it.”
According to a statement Friday by the Chinese foreign ministry, the airship was “affected by the westerly wind” and its ability to control its direction “is limited.” The statement also says that the balloon “seriously deviated from the scheduled route” and expressed regret that “the airship strayed into the United States due to force majeure.”
After earlier sightings over Montana, the balloon moved along Friday to cross “the middle of the country,” according to a U.S. official. A Chinese balloon has never been over the middle of the country before. The only other time a Chinese balloon has flown over the continental U.S. was during a brief overflight of Florida. There have been overflights of Hawaii and Guam. In previous instances, the Chinese have been able to recover the balloon. Although it can maneuver, it will still travel in the direction it is carried by the jet stream.
The balloon was flying at an altitude of about 66,000 feet, according to a U.S. official. It can be maneuvered but it is also subject to the jet stream, which could eventually push it out of U.S. airspace, the official said.
The National Weather Service in Kansas City tweeted Friday that it had received “several reports across northwest MO of a large balloon visible on the horizon,” and noted, “We have confirmed that it is not an NWS weather balloon.
By Saturday morning, Evan Fisher, who studies meteorology, shared a photo of the balloon on Twitter and estimated that it was in the South Carolina area.
The York County Sheriff’s Office in South Carolina also tweeted about balloon sightings in the area Saturday and warned residents not to attempt shooting at it themselves. “It’s flying at 60,000+ feet. Don’t try to shoot it!! Your rifle rounds WILL NOT reach it. Be responsible. What goes up will come down, including your bullets,” they wrote.
There has been some discussion of trying to somehow capture the balloon, but a U.S. official says that this is not possible.
The balloon is not going to run out of fuel, since it has solar panels. The official also said that the balloon steers by rudder and is corkscrewing around to slow its progress over land, but the jet stream continues to move it on a trajectory across the U.S. The Pentagon is still considering ways to “dispose” of it but has “grave concerns” about the damage it could cause if it fell to Earth.
Although it’s difficult to find a precise definition of how high sovereign air space extends, government lawyers regard this as a violation of U.S. air space.
Pentagon spokesman Brigadier Gen. Patrick Ryder declined to describe the specific dimensions of the balloon, “other than to say that it is big enough that, again, in reviewing our approach, we do recognize that any potential debris field would be significant and potentially cause civilian injuries or deaths or significant property damage.”
The U.S. views the Chinese explanation of the balloon’s purpose with “a fair amount of skepticism,” and it is still trying to figure out what China’s intent was.
On Friday evening, yet another balloon was apparently sighted, this one further south, in Latin America.
“We are seeing reports of a balloon transiting Latin America,” Ryder said in a statement. “We now assess it is another Chinese surveillance balloon.”
Secretary of State Antony Blinken had been expected to travel to China this weekend for a diplomatic trip, but as the Biden administration weighs a broader response to the discovery of the first balloon, his trip was postponed, two diplomatic sources told CBS News. However, the U.S. does not believe it was timed to scuttle Blinken’s trip.
The U.S. engaged with Chinese officials “urgently,” and President Biden was briefed on the situation, a senior defense official said. On Friday morning, a senior U.S. official said that Washington had communicated directly with Beijing about the situation at multiple levels. A Chinese official was summoned to the State Department for a formal U.S. complaint.
Answering a question in Beijing on Friday during a regular briefing, a spokesperson for China‘s foreign ministry said the country “regrets that the airship strayed into the United States,” which they attributed to a “westerly wind” and the device’s limited “control ability.”
The spokesperson said China would “continue to maintain communication with the U.S. to properly handle the unexpected situation.”
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Mark Milley recommended not taking “kinetic action” to bring down the balloon because of the danger of debris hitting the ground, the defense official told CBS News, adding that the U.S. government had determined the balloon does not pose a threat.
A source familiar with the situation told CBS News that, when briefed on Wednesday, Mr. Biden had initially wanted to shoot down the balloon. But as he sought military options from Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, Milley and others, they advised against such action because of the risk to people on the ground.
The administration was still deciding Friday what to do about the balloon when it reaches an area where it would be safe to shoot down, a U.S. official told CBS News.
Ryder said the balloon is “currently traveling at an altitude well above commercial air traffic and does not present a military or physical threat to people on the ground.”
A U.S. official told CBS News on Friday that the balloon was “not moving very fast.”
Canada’s Department of National Defence (DND) said in a statement late Thursday that the balloon had been “detected” and that Canada was “taking steps to ensure the security of its airspace, including the monitoring of a potential second incident,” but didn’t elaborate on what that incident might be.
However, CBS News has learned the U.S. hasn’t been able to confirm the possible second balloon mentioned in the Canadian release.
The North American Aerospace Defense Command was “actively” tracking the first balloon, the Canadian DND said.
Silos that can house intercontinental ballistic missiles are located in Montana — and jet fighters were scrambled to be in a position to shoot the balloon down.
While incidents like this have happened before, they’ve never lasted this long, according to a defense official. The U.S. has been tracking the balloon “for quite some time” as it entered U.S. continental airspace a couple of days ago, the official said.
The Pentagon’s best assessment at the moment is that the balloon’s surveillance capabilities are not a significant step up from what China is likely able to collect through other means like satellites in low Earth orbit, according to a senior defense official. Out of an abundance of caution, the Pentagon has taken additional mitigation steps to protect certain sites.
There are other ways to deal with it other than shooting it down, such as electronic jamming of the signals it is sending back, a U.S. official pointed out to CBS News.
Ryder said the U.S. government will continue to “track and monitor it closely.”
House Speaker Kevin McCarthy on Thursday tweeted that “China’s brazen disregard for U.S. sovereignty is a destabilizing action that must be addressed, and President Biden cannot be silent.”
“I am requesting a Gang of Eight briefing,” he wrote, referring to the bipartisan group of eight congressional leaders who are tasked with reviewing national intelligence information.
A U.S. official told CBS News on Thursday evening the administration briefed Gang of 8 staff members in the afternoon “to get this information to Congress expeditiously and offered additional briefings.”
Montana Gov. Greg Gianforte said Thursday in a statement that he had “received an informational briefing” Wednesday “on the situation involving a suspected Chinese spy balloon flying over Montana,” and added that he was “deeply troubled by the constant stream of alarming developments for our national security.”
David Martin, Eleanor Watson and Margaret Brennan contributed reporting.