As more and more countries choose to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes and adopt nuclear power programmes, the IAEA works continuously to ensure the protection of people and the environment from the potential harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
AI can contribute to nuclear security and safety in several ways. It can be used in the processing of data from radiation detection systems to enhance the detection and identification of nuclear and other radioactive material. It can be applied to analyse data from physical protection systems to improve the detection of intruders. It can also help spot anomalies that could indicate a cyber-attack on a nuclear facility. Furthermore, in the realm of radiation protection, the integration of AI in safety standards-related software can reinforce the protection of the millions of workers with occupational exposure in medicine, construction, mining, shipping, agriculture and nuclear power.