February 24, 2024

A trend you might notice if you peruse the data is that most of the states with significant over counts were blue states like Hawaii (e.g., Delaware, Rhode Island, New York and Massachusetts), while most with undercounts were red, Southern states like Arkansas (e.g., Tennessee, Florida, Mississippi and Texas).

What that means: When it comes to the post-census awarding of seats — a process known as apportionment — those red states might have been at a deficit, because they weren’t given credit for their full populations. Blue states, on the other hand, might have been given more seats because the Census Bureau thought they contained more people than they actually did.

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