Banks refused to lend to one third of British small businesses who applied for a loan last year.
That means nearly one million businesses faced pushback from banks, according to research by open banking provider Yolt, with the main sticking points being timing, too much debt and insufficient collateral.
Collectively, UK businesses missed out on £3.6bn worth of much-needed finance and of those businesses which did secure funding, only 20 per cent said the process was easy.
>See also: Small business finance – the complete guide
Research found the average SME sought to borrow £331,275 to help grow their business, mainly for equipment, technology and business development. However, on average, small businesses managed to borrow approximately £50,000 less than this.
In May, the FSB said that lending to small businesses hit an all-time low, with fewer small firms now applying for finance. Just nine per cent applied in the first quarter of 2022 – the lowest proportion since records began.
With a helpful boost from your bank by no means a given, what are the alternative business funding options to consider for your small business? Where can you turn to for business funding if you need an alternative?
>See also: Small business startup funding
Alternative business funding options
For businesses that regularly sell to other businesses on credit terms, invoice financing could be a helpful avenue to help ease cashflow. With this alternative funding method, a lender pays you quickly – most of the time within 24 hours – for your unpaid invoices and takes a cut when the payment finally does land.
This can help accelerate business growth. However you’re banking (literally) on those clients to pay up eventually.
It is also worth noting this option is only available to B2B services, so your customers have to be other businesses and not the public.
There are two types of invoice finance. Invoice factoring, where the finance provider provides up to 90 per cent of the outstanding invoice and chases up payment from your customers directly, and invoice discounting, whereby the provider still provides a percentage of the invoice but the customer pays the business as normal.
>See also: The benefits of invoice finance
Invoice finance providers
|Provider||Advance rate||Requirements||Offerings||Service fee|
|Lloyds||Up to 90 per cent, typically within 24 hours||Must have a projected annual turnover of £50,000 and over and sell to other businesses on credit terms||UK-based invoice finance team who can tailor a solution to match your trading patterns and business goals. Access to an intuitive online system, so you can easily manage your invoice finance facility||Request quote|
|Novuna||Up to 90 per cent within 24 hours||Available to SMEs with a turnover of £500,000 and above||No hidden fees||Request quote|
|Market Finance||Up to 90 per cent within 24 hours||Minimum annual turnover of £100,000 or annualised income from current year’s trading. Limited companies and LLPs only.||Easy to use digital interface and real-time customer support. No hidden fees||0.2 – 3.5 per cent|
|Aldermore||Typically up to 90 per cent within 24 hours||Annual turnover typically above £250,000||N/A||Request quote|
|Close Brothers||Up to 90 per cent||Minimum annual turnover of £500,000||N/A||Request quote (charged as a percentage of gross turnover)|
|HSBC||Up to 90 per cent the next working day||A projected business turnover over £500,000 (including start-ups)||Ability to add credit protection to guard against late payment or bad debts||Request quote|
|Metro Bank||Up to 90 per cent within 24 hours||Ability to end your contract with no penalty fee with just 28 days’ notice||Request quote|
|Skipton||Up to 90 per cent within 24 hours||Invoice discounting deals for SMEs with turnovers as small as £100,000||Free credit reports on your clients||Request quote|
Alternative loan and debt providers
For small businesses, business loans can be a useful boost to buy stock, equipment or assets. The monthly repayment period can span from between one to 10 years and a fixed rate can be rubber-stamped before the loan is taken out.
There are two types of business loan.
>See also: Fast business funding and loans
Secured business loans require you to put up collateral as security, meaning the lender will take over the assets if you’re unable to repay. That could mean your house or your car. The advantage of this route is interest rates are low.
Unsecured loans are easier to obtain, and don’t require the risk of losing any assets but you can expect to pay more in interest.
With banks being increasingly cautious with their loans, alternative loan providers have seen a surge in popularity, with most giving approval within 24 hours.
>See also: Best small business loans in the UK
Loan and debt providers
|Provider||Funding||Approval turnaround||Rates||Repayment period||Requirements|
|Funding Circle||£10,000 to £500,000||As little as five hours||From 3.9 per cent per year||2 to 6 years||Must have been trading for at least two years. £16,700 minimum turnover per year|
|Capify||£5,000 to £500,000||Approval in under 60 seconds||Flexible – request quote||3 to 18 months||Monthly turnover of £10,000 and over and must be a limited company trading for at least 12 months|
|Iwoca||£1,000 to £500,000||24 hours||Flexible||0 to 6 months||N/A|
|Fleximize||£5,000 to £500,000||24 hours||Rates of 0.9 per cent to 2.9 per cent (from 10.8 per cent per annum)||12 to 48 months||Must have been trading for at least 12 months|
|Cubefunder||£5,000 to £100,000||Within 48 hours||Flexible||3 to 12 months||Minimum turnover of £50,000 per year. Must be a limited company in England and Wales that has been trading for at least three months|
Merchant cash advance
If your business takes card payments with a card terminal, it is possible to get that cash quicker using merchant cash advance.
Unlike a traditional bank loan, there are no interest rates or fixed monthly payments. Instead, you pay the provider a percentage of future card revenue. If your business takes in less cash one month, this is reflected in the repayment and you pay less. If the business has an above-average month, be prepared to fork out a bit more.
This option is a fast way of landing funding. The time it takes between a customer buying a product and that money becoming available in your bank on average in the UK is three business days with a payment processor. By using merchant cash advance, that cash could be available within 24 hours.
>See also: Is your business a good candidate for merchant cash advances?
Merchant cash advance providers
|Provider||Funding||Requirements||Repayment period||Approval turnaround|
|365 Business Finance||£10,000 to £300,000||Monthly card sales of £10,000 and over||Typically six to 10 months||Within 24 hours|
|Newable Finance||£10,000 to £1m||Must have been trading for six months or more and receive a monthly card sales of £5,000||Flexible||Within 48 hours|
|Capify||£5,000 to £500,000 and over||Card sales of £5,000 per month. Majority of payments must be through a card terminal||Flexible||N/A|
|Merchant Loan Advance||£3,000 to £300,000||Must be trading for approximately three months and turning over more than £2,500 in card sales a month||Flexible||Within 24 hours|
|SME Loans||£5,000 to £500,000||The business must have been trading for at least six months.||Flexible||Within 24 hours|
|Monthly average card sales must total a minimum of £5,000|
|Nucleus||From £3,000 up to £2m||Must have been trading for a minimum of four months||Flexible||Typically within 24 hours|
Peer to peer lending, commonly known as P2P lending, allows borrowers to be matched with individual lenders for quick and flexible loans at competitive rates via a P2P platform.
Once the borrower discloses the amount they’re looking to borrow and desired repayment period, the platform will do the background work, such as checking credit scores, before matching a borrower with a lender.
An advantage of going down the P2P route is a decision on whether you can be granted funding can be made almost instantly, with the loan becoming available in a matter of days.
See also: Peer to peer lending: A small business guide
Peer to peer lending providers
|Provider||Loan range||Interest rate||Approval turnaround||Commitment term|
|Funding Circle||£10,000 to £500,000||From 3.9 per cent||As little as five hours. Funds within 24 hours||From 2 to 6 years|
|Assetz Capital||Up to £2.5m (SME secured loan)||5.75 per cent||Within 24 hours||Up to five years|
|Crowd2Fund||£25,000 to £1m||6 to 15 per cent||N/A||From 1 to 5 years|
|Funding Knight||£250,000 to £1m||Typically between 8.75 per cent and 12 per cent||Within 24 hours||From 6 months to 5 years|